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Closed Access item Variations on development and stress defences in Solea senegalensis larvae fed on live and microencapsulated diets

Authors:Fernández-Díaz, C.
Kopecka, Justyna
Cañavate, J. Pedro
Sarasquete, Carmen
Solé, Montserrat
Keywords:Microcapsules, vitamin A, antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation, reactive oxygen species, stress proteins, histology, Solea senegalensis, larvae
Issue Date:28-Feb-2006
Citation:Aquaculture 251(2-4): 573–584 (2006)
Abstract:Growth, development, antioxidant enzymes, stress proteins (HSP70 and HSP60), lipid peroxidation (LP) and histology in Solea senegalensis larvae were followed from 8 to 30 days post hatching (dph). Larvae were fed on three different diets: (1) live Artemia nauplii, (2) microcapsules elaborated by internal gelation, (MA) and (3) these same microcapsules but 10-fold supplemented with vitamin A (MAV). The Artemia fed group showed higher growth and a faster metamorphosis than the ones fed with microencapsulated diets, although all had similarly high survival rates of 80%. Vitamin A (VA) supplementation improved growth and development from 15 dph in relation to the strictly inert diet (MA). Larvae fed with Artemia showed organs and tissues with a normal pattern of development, whereas histological alterations were seen in larvae fed with both inert diets. The antioxidant enzymes: catalase (KAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total glutathione peroxidase (t-GPX) as well as LP levels and stress proteins (HSP70 but not HSP60), measured in whole larvae, showed diet and age dependence in their response. Larvae fed with both inert diets showed similar biomarker activities, but these activities were different ( p b0.05) from larvae fed with Artemia. That is, KAT and HSP70 were lower in larvae fed with live prey and t-GPX and LP levels were lower in larvae fed with the inert food. Among the factors responsible for increased antioxidant defenses were the initiation of metamorphosis and the use of inert food. This study suggests the usefulness of the biomarkers selected as tools to evaluate the effects of compound diets on larvae.
Description:12 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2005.06.014
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