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Metabolic effects of elevated CO2 on wheat grain development and composition

AuthorsSoba, David; Ben Mariem, Sinda; Fuertes-Mendizabal, Teresa; Méndez-Espinoza, A. M.; Gilard, Françoise; González-Murua, Carmen; Irigoyen, Juan José ; Tcherkez, Guillaume; Aranjuelo, Iker
KeywordsDurum wheat
Atmospheric CO2
N metabolism
Nutritional parameters
Triticum durum
Issue Date24-Jul-2019
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 67(31): 8441-8451 (2019)
AbstractThe increase in the atmospheric CO concentration is predicted to influence wheat production and grain quality and nutritional properties. In the present study, durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf. cv. Sula) was grown under two different CO (400 versus 700 μmol mol) concentrations to examine effects on the crop yield and grain quality at different phenological stages (from grain filling to maturity). Exposure to elevated CO significantly increased aboveground biomass and grain yield components. Growth at elevated CO diminished the elemental N content as well as protein and free amino acids, with a typical decrease in glutamine, which is the most represented amino acid in grain proteins. Such a general decrease in nitrogenous compounds was associated with altered kinetics of protein accumulation, N remobilization, and N partitioning. Our results highlight important modifications of grain metabolism that have implications for its nutritional quality.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01594
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01594
e-issn: 1520-5118
issn: 0021-8561
Appears in Collections:(ICVV) Artículos
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