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Title

A reliable LC-MS/MS-based method for trace level determination of 50 medium to highly polar pesticide residues in sediments and ecological risk assessment

AuthorsBarbieri, Maria Vittoria; Postigo, Cristina ; Monllor-Alcaraz, Luis Simón; Barceló, Damià ; López De Alda, Miren
KeywordsAnalysis
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
Pesticides
Phytosanitary products
Plant protection products
Terbuthylazine
Terbutryn
Issue Date1-Dec-2019
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 411 (30): 7981-7996 (2019)
AbstractThe occurrence of polar pesticides in sediments has not been extensively investigated because of their relatively poor hydrophobicity and apparently less persistence in the environment. However, their continuous release into the aquatic systems calls for the evaluation of their potential accumulation in sediments and the role of this matrix as a potential source of these compounds. Considering this, a method based on pressurized liquid extraction (PLE), extract clean-up by solid phase extraction (SPE), and analyte determination by liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed and validated to analyze 50 relevant (frequently used and/or regulated or found in water) medium to highly polar pesticides in sediments. The method showed good performance regarding accuracy (relative recoveries between 76 and 124%), precision (relative standard deviation values < 20%), sensitivity (LODs in the low nanogram per gram for most compounds), linearity (coefficients of determination > 0.99), and matrix effects (negligible for all analytes). The use of an isotope dilution approach for quantification ensures result reliability. As a part of the validation process, the method was applied to the analysis of the target pesticides in sediments from the Llobregat River (NE Spain) showing the presence of five of them, namely, terbutryn, dichlorvos, terbuthylazine, diazinon, and irgarol. All 5 pesticides, due to both the concentrations found and their physical-chemical characteristics, demonstrate high potential for bioaccumulation and risk to aquatic organisms. Additional multi-disciplinary studies that investigate pesticide occurrence in different aquatic compartments and evaluate the potential risks for aquatic ecosystems are required to assess the environmental impact and significance of the presence of pesticides in sediments. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]. © 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-019-02188-0
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/201445
DOI10.1007/s00216-019-02188-0
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