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The beginnings of fruit tree cultivation in the Iberian Peninsula: plant remains from the city of Huelva (southern Spain)

AuthorsPérez Jordá, Guillem ; Peña Chocarro, Leonor ; García Fernandez, Marcos; Vera Rodríguez, Juan Carlos
Plant remain
Iberian Peninsula
Issue Date2017
CitationVegetation History and Archaeobotany 26: 527- 538 (2017)
AbstractThe combination of an archaeobotanical analysis from two different sites in the city of Huelva (Spain) and the identification of vine fields in the same area suggests that different fruit tree species (grapevine, olive, almond and pomegranate) and vegetables such as melon were introduced into the Iberian peninsula in the transition from the 9th to the 8th century cal bc. These dates represent the earliest chronology for arboriculture within the Iberian Peninsula. The material has been preserved by waterlogging allowing the preservation of a wide variety of species which indicate the development of fruit tree cultivation. The archaeological context provides information on the connections between this innovation and the Phoenician communities that established in the region in search of metal resources. Fruit tree cultivation, and particularly wine production, had a great impact on the local agriculture which was traditionally based on the production of annual crops. The new crops soon became an essential agricultural element of the communities that lived in the south and east of the Iberian Peninsula. From the 8th century cal bc onwards, agricultural production would be mostly market oriented.
Identifiersdoi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-017-0610-6
issn: 0939-6314
Appears in Collections:(CCHS-IH) Artículos
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