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New insights on the use of supercritical carbon dioxide for the accelerated carbonation of cement pastes

AuthorsGarcía González, Carlos A. ; El Grouh, Nadia; Hidalgo López, Ana; Julio Fraile, Julio; López Periago, Ana M. ; Andrade, C.; Domingo, C.
KeywordsSupercritical CO2
Waste management
Issue DateJan-2008
CitationThe Journal of Supercritical Fluids 43(3): 500-509 (2008)
AbstractThis study aims to analyze the effects of supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) on the carbonation of Portland cement pastes, with and without mineral addition. The process is based on the advantages of the low viscosity and surface tension of SCCO2 that allow the complete wetting of complex substrates with intricate geometries, including internal surfaces of agglomerates such of these found in cement pastes. The supercritical treatment alters the bulk chemical and structural properties of cement pastes by accelerating natural carbonation reactions, while at the same time it reduces both free and bound water. The observed overall effects of supercritical carbonation on Portland cement pastes were the neutralization of pore water alkalinity, the formation of calcium carbonate and the reduction in the Ca/Si ratio of the calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) gel. Moreover, the massive precipitation of calcium carbonate inside microcracks after supercritical treatment caused the refinement of the microstructure, thus, reducing water permeability to a large extent. Supercritical carbonation method can be completed in few hours, rendering it technically interesting. This work also contributes to the idea of increasing the durability of concrete by means of a preventive hydrophobic supercritical treatment against water ingress. A generic SCCO2 method for concrete silanization is proposed here.
DescriptionPublicación versión online: 6 de agosto de 2007
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2007.07.018
Appears in Collections:(IETCC) Artículos
(ICMAB) Artículos
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