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Effects of pH manipulation and enzyme addition to a total mixed ration on microbial fermentation in continuous culture

AuthorsColombatto, Darío; Hervás, Gonzalo CSIC ORCID ; Yang, Weng Z.; Beauchemin, Karen A.
KeywordsContinuous culture
Issue Date2003
PublisherAmerican Society of Animal Science
CitationJournal of Animal Science 81 (Suppl. 1) p: 151 (2003)
AbstractThe effects of pH and enzyme addition were examined in continuous culture using a 4 x 4 Latin square design, with four 9-d periods consisting of 6 d for adaptation and 3 d for measurements. The buffer pH was adjusted to 100% (high) or 60% (low) of the normal concentration of artificial saliva. Fermenters were fed twice daily a diet consisting of 30% alfalfa hay, 30% corn silage, and 40% rolled corn (DM basis). The silage was milled fresh and the TMR was fed fresh to the fermenters (64% DM). The EM was a protease containing no other major activities, and was applied daily to the TMR, at least 12 h before feeding. Treated feed was stored at 4◦C until fed. Ranges of pH were 6.0-6.6, and 5.4-6.0 for high and low, respectively. Degradability of OM, NDF, ADF, and cellulose were reduced (P < 0.05) by low pH, but hemicellulose and protein degradation were not affected. EM addition increased (P < 0.01) NDF degradability (by 43% and 25% at high and low pH, respectively), largely due to an increase in hemicellulose degradation (by 79% and 51%, respectively). Total volatile fatty acids (VFA) and its molar proportions were decreased (P < 0.05) by low pH, but were not affected by EM. Protein degradation was only numerically (P = 0.17) increased by EM. Total N flow tended (P = 0.07) to be reduced with EM, but neither bacterial nor dietary N flow was affected by the treatments. Microbial protein synthesis was not affected by either pH (P = 0.29) or EM (P = 0.86). Methane production, expressed as a proportion of total gases, was decreased (P < 0.001) at low pH, but was not affected by EM. It is concluded that it is possible to adapt the CC system to use fresh feeds instead of dried feeds. Overall, the results indicate that the EM used in this study has significant potential to increase fiber degradability without increasing methane production.
DescriptionJournal of Dairy Science 86, Suppl. 1, p. 151. In: A Joint Meeting of the American Dairy Science Association (ADSA), the American Society of Animal Science (ASAS) & the Mexican Association of Animal Production (MAAP) (Abstract No. 595), p. 151. 22-26 de Junio de 2003. Phoenix, Arizona (Estados Unidos).
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Appears in Collections:(IGM) Comunicaciones congresos

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