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Longitudinal relaxation and thermoactivation of quantum superparamagnets.

AuthorsZueco, David; García-Palacios, J. L.
KeywordsCondensed matter
Mesoscopic systems
Quantum hall effect
Issue Date2006
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review B. 73(10): 104448 (2006)
AbstractThe relaxation mechanisms of a quantum nanomagnet are discussed in the frame of linear response theory. We use a spin Hamiltonian with a uniaxial potential barrier plus a Zeeman term. The spin, having arbitrary $S$, is coupled to a bosonic environment. From the eigenstructure of the relaxation matrix, we identify two main mechanisms, namely, thermal activation over the barrier, with a time scale $\eival_1^{-1}$, and a faster dynamics inside the potential wells, with characteristic time $\eivalW^{-1}$. This allows to introduce a simple analytical formula for the response, which agrees well with the exact numerical results, and cover experiments even under moderate to strong fields in the superparamagnetic range. In passing, we generalize known classical results for a number of quantities (e.g., integral relaxation times, initial decay time, Kramers rate), results that are recovered in the limit $S\to\infty$.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.73.104448
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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