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Title

Impact of Aromatic Stacking on Glycoside Reactivity: Balancing CH/πand Cation/πInteractions for the Stabilization of Glycosyl-Oxocarbenium Ions

AuthorsMontalvillo-Jiménez, Laura; Santana, Andrés G. ; Corzana, Francisco; Jiménez-Osés, Gonzalo ; Jiménez-Barbero, Jesús ; Gómez, Ana M. ; Asensio, Juan Luis
Issue Date2019
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of the American Chemical Society 141: 13372-13384 (2019)
AbstractCarbohydrate/aromatic stacking represents a recurring key motif for the molecular recognition of glycosides, either by protein binding domains, enzymes, or synthetic receptors. Interestingly, it has been proposed that aromatic residues might also assist in the formation/cleavage of glycosidic bonds by stabilizing positively charged oxocarbenium-like intermediates/transition states through cation/πinteractions. While the significance of aromatic stacking on glycoside recognition is well stablished, its impact on the reactivity of glycosyl donors is yet to be explored. Herein, we report the first experimental study on this relevant topic. Our strategy is based on the design, synthesis, and reactivity evaluation of a large number of model systems, comprising a wide range of glycosidic donor/aromatic complexes. Different stacking geometries and dynamic features, anomeric leaving groups, sugar configurations, and reaction conditions have been explicitly considered. The obtained results underline the opposing influence exerted by van der Waals and Coulombic forces on the reactivity of the carbohydrate/aromatic complex: depending on the outcome of this balance, aromatic platforms can indeed exert a variety of effects, stretching from reaction inhibition all the way to rate enhancements. Although aromatic/glycosyl cation contacts are highly dynamic, the conclusions of our study suggest that aromatic assistance to glycosylation processes must indeed be feasible, with far reaching implications for enzyme engineering and organocatalysis.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.9b03285
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/194278
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jacs.9b03285
issn: 0002-7863
e-issn: 1520-5126
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