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Efficient unidirectional nanoslit couplers for surface plasmons.

AutorLópez-Tejeira, F. ; Rodrigo, Sergio G.; Martín-Moreno, Luis; García-Vidal, F. J.; Devaux, E.; Ebbesen, T. W.; Krenn, Joachim R.; Radko, I. P.; Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I.; González, M. U.; Weeber, J. C.; Dereux, A.
Fecha de publicación8-abr-2007
CitaciónNature Physics 3: 324 - 328 (2007)
ResumenThe emerging field of plasmonics is based on exploiting the coupling between light and collective electronic excitations within conducting materials known as surface plasmons. Because the so-called surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes that arise from this coupling are not constrained by the optical diffraction limit, it is hoped that they could enable the construction of ultracompact optical components1, 2. But in order that such potential can be realized, it is vital that the relatively poor light–SPP coupling be improved. This is made worse by the fact that the incident light that is conventionally used to launch SPPs in a metal film 3, 4, 5, 6 is a significant source of noise, unless directed away from a region of interest, which then decreases the signal and increases the system's size. Back-side illumination of subwavelength apertures in optically thick metal films7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 eliminates this problem but does not ensure a unique propagation direction for the SPP. We propose a novel back-side slit-illumination method that incorporates a periodic array of grooves carved into the front side of a thick metal film. Bragg reflection enhances the propagation of SPPs away from the array, enabling them to be unidirectionally launched from, and focused to, a localized point.
Descripción5 pages, 4 figures.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys584
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