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Title

Coverage effects on the magnetism of Fe∕MgO(001) ultrathin films

AuthorsMartínez Boubeta, Carlos ; Clavero Pérez, César ; García-Martín, José Miguel ; Armelles Reig, Gaspar ; Cebollada, Alfonso ; Balcells Argemi, Lluis; Menéndez, José Luis ; Peiró, F.; Cornet, A.
KeywordsMagnetism
Ultrathin films
Issue Date6-Jan-2005
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review B 71, 014407 (2005)
AbstractDifferent aspects of the structure-magnetism and morphology-magnetism correlation in the ultrathin limit are studied in epitaxial Fe films grown on MgO(001). In the initial stages of growth the presence of substrate steps, intrinsically higher than an Fe atomic layer, prevent the connection between Fe islands and hence the formation of large volume magnetic regions. This is proposed as an explanation to the superparamagnetic nature of ultrathin Fe films grown on MgO in addition to the usually considered islanded, or Vollmer-Weber, growth. Using this model, we explain the observed transition from superparamagnetism to ferromagnetism for Fe coverages above 3 monolayers (ML). However, even though ferromagnetism and magnetocrystalline anisotropy are observed for 4 ML, complete coverage of the MgO substrate by the Fe ultrathin films only occurs around 6 ML as determined by polar Kerr spectra and simulations that consider different coverage situations. In annealed 3.5 ML Fe films, shape or configurational anisotropy dominates the intrinsic magnetocrystalline anisotropy, due to an annealing induced continuous to islanded morphological transition. A small interface anisotropy in thicker films is observed, probably due to dislocations observed at the Fe∕MgO(001) interface.
Publisher version (URL)http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.71.014407
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.71.014407
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/19136
DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.71.014407
ISSN1098-0121
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
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