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A Green Route to High-Surface Area Carbons by Chemical Activation of Biomass-Based Products with Sodium Thiosulfate

AuthorsFuertes Arias, Antonio Benito ; Álvarez Ferrero, Guillermo ; Díez Nogués, Noel ; Sevilla Solís, Marta
Sodium thiosulfate
Chemical activation
Porous carbon
High surface area
Sulfur doping
N-doped carbon
Issue Date13-Nov-2018
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 6(12): 16323-16331 (2018)
AbstractA simple, sustainable, and affordable approach for the synthesis of highly porous carbons is presented. The procedure is based on the use of sodium thiosulfate as an activating agent and a variety of biomass-based products (glucose, sucrose, and gelatine) as carbon precursors. The synthesis scheme involves three steps: (a) mixing the reactants by grinding, (b) heat treatment at temperatures in the 800–900 °C range, and (c) extracting the carbon material from the carbonized solid by simple washing with water. The generation of the pore structure is based on the redox reaction between the carbonaceous matter and sodium thiosulfate acting as an oxidant. In this way, porous carbons with high BET surface areas in the ∼2000–2700 m2 g–1 range and large pore volumes of up to 2.4 cm3 g–1 are obtained. The porosity of these carbons consists of two pore systems made up of narrow micropores of 0.8 nm and larger pores of up to 5 nm. These porous carbons have a certain amount of sulfur (∼2–3%) that is incorporated into the carbon framework as thiophene-like and oxidized sulfur groups. Additionally, in the case of gelatine, N content up to 2–3% is preserved.
DescriptionThis document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b03264
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b03264
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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