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Acclimatory responses of stomatal conductance and photosynthesis to elevated CO2 and temperature in wheat crops grown at varying levels of N supply, in a Mediterranean environment.

AuthorsPozo, Alejandro del; Pérez Pérez, Pilar ; Morcuende, Rosa ; Alonso, Aitor ; Martínez-Carrasco, Rafael
Elevated CO2
Elevated temperature
Gas exchange
Photosynthetic capacity
Stomatal conductance
Issue Date2005
CitationPlant Science 169: 908–916 (2005)
AbstractThe short and long-term responses of flag leaf stomatal conductance (gs) and rate of photosynthesis (An) to elevated CO2 (757 μmol mol-1), 4 ºC warmer temperatures and N supply were investigated in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Alcalá) crops grown in two seasons in field conditions under temperature gradient tunnels, in a Mediterranean environment. Plants grown at elevated CO2 had lower gs and An measured at 700 μmol mol-1 CO2 than ambient CO2-grown plants, indicating acclimatory responses to elevated CO2. N supply, which was lower in 2003 than 2002, reduced this acclimation in both years. Warmer temperatures at high nitrogen supply also decreased An acclimation. Acclimatory responses of An and gs were highly correlated. The analysis of the gs – An relationship indicated that both parameters are probably linked and respond in parallel to elevated CO2 at ambient temperatures, but non-parallel responses were observed at above-ambient temperatures.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2005.06.009
Appears in Collections:(IRNASA) Artículos
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