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Title

Characterization and Simulation of a Low-Pressure Rotator Spray Plate Sprinkler Used in Center Pivot Irrigation Systems

AuthorsRobles Rovelo, Octavio; Zapata Ruiz, Nery ; Burguete Tolosa, Javier ; Félix Félix, Jesús Ramiro; Latorre Garcés, Borja
KeywordsRotator spray sprinkler
Low-pressure
Ballistic simulation
Modified drag model
Energy losses
Issue Date14-Aug-2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationWater 11(8): 1684 (2019)
AbstractSpray sprinklers enable to operate at low pressures (<103 kPa) in self-propelled irrigation machines. A number of experiments were performed to characterize the water distribution pattern of an isolated rotator spray plate sprinkler operating at very low pressure under different experimental conditions. The experiments were performed under two pressures (69 kPa and 103 kPa) and in calm and windy conditions. The energy losses due to the impact of the out-going jet with the sprinkler plate were measured using an optical technique. The adequacy to reproduce the measured water distribution pattern under calm conditions of two drop size distribution models was evaluated. A ballistic model was used to simulate the water distribution pattern under wind conditions evaluating three different drag models: (1) considering solid spherical drops; (2) a conventional model based on wind velocity and direction distortion pattern, and (3) a new drag coefficient model independent of wind speed. The energy losses measured with the optical method range from 20% to 60% from higher to lower nozzle sizes, respectively, for both evaluated working pressures analyzing over 16,500 droplets. For the drop size distribution selected, Weibull accurately reproduced the water application with a maximum root mean square error (RMSE) of 19%. Up to 28% of the RMSE could be decreased using the wind-independent drag coefficient model with respect to the conventional model; the difference with respect to the spherical model was 4%.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081684
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/188970
DOI10.3390/w11081684
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