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Title

Benthic marine litter in shallow fishing grounds in the NW Mediterranean Sea

AuthorsGalimany, Eve ; Marco-Herrero, Elena ; Soto, Sara ; Recasens, Laura ; Lombarte, Antoni ; Lleonart, Jordi ; Abelló, Pere ; Ramón, Montserrat
KeywordsDredge
Plastic
Pollution
Catalan coast
Fishery
Marine debris
Issue DateJul-2019
PublisherElsevier
CitationWaste Management 95: 620- 627 (2019)
AbstractFisheries are one of the main economic sectors affected by marine litter, which can damage gear, reduce catch, and require time to repair or clean nets. This study aims to evaluate the type and density of marine litter in two shallow fishing grounds in the NW Mediterranean Sea, both belonging to the Natura 2000 network. Moreover, it quantifies the fraction of marine litter within the total catch to help understand the potential influence of marine litter on fisheries. Two study areas were selected, one in the vicinity of urban populated areas and high navigational traffic and one in a rural site off an agricultural area. The urban area had more benthic marine litter (393 to 198 kg km) including clinker (residue from coal-burning steamships), fabric, plastics, and processed wood and accounting for up to 38% of the total catch. The rural area had far less marine litter (34–56 kg km), accounting for only 5% of the total catch. Marine litter may have potential negative effects on fisheries; thus we propose that government credit trading programs could be promoted to help recover litter from fishing catches, to reduce fishing costs and hazards to marine ecosystems
Description8 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables, supplementary material https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.07.004
Publisher version (URL)https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.07.004
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/188886
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2019.07.004
issn: 0956-053X
e-issn: 1879-2456
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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