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Morphological Description and Classification of Wheat Kernels Based on Geometric Models

AuthorsMartín Gómez, José Javier ; Rewicz, Agnieszka; Goriewa-Duba, Klaudia; Wiwart, Marian; Tocino, Ángel; Cervantes, Emilio
KeywordsGeometric curves
J index
Image analysis
Issue Date2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationAgronomy 9(7): 399 (2019)
AbstractModern automated and semi-automated methods of shape analysis depart from the coordinates of the points in the outline of a figure and obtain, based on artificial vision algorithms, descriptive parameters (i.e., the length, width, area, and circularity index). These methods omit an important factor: the resemblance of the examined images to a geometric figure. We have described a method based on the comparison of the outline of seed images with geometric figures. The J index is the percentage of similarity between a seed image and a geometric figure used as a model. This allows the description and classification of wheat kernels based on their similarity to geometric models. The figures used are the ellipse and the lens of different major/minor axis ratios. Kernels of different species, subspecies and varieties of wheat adjust to different figures. A relationship is found between their ploidy levels and morphological type. Kernels of diploid einkorn and ancient tetraploid emmer varieties adjust to the lens and have curvature values in their poles superior to modern “bread” varieties. Kernels of modern varieties (hexaploid common wheat) adjust to an ellipse of aspect ratio = 1.6, while varieties of tetraploid durum and Polish wheat and hexaploid spelt adjust to an ellipse of aspect ratio = 2.4.
Description14 páginas, 6 imágenes y 3 tablas
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9070399
Appears in Collections:(IRNASA) Artículos
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