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Title

The Potential Role of Genomic Medicine in the Therapeutic Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis

AuthorsAcosta-Herrera, Marialbert; González-Serna, David; Martín, Javier
Issue Date10-Jun-2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationJournal of Clinical Medicine 8 (6): 826 (2019)
AbstractDuring the last decade, important advances have occurred regarding understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Nevertheless, response to treatment is not universal, and choosing among different therapies is currently based on a trial and error approach. The specific patient’s genetic background influences the response to therapy for many drugs: In this sense, genomic studies on RA have produced promising insights that could help us find an effective therapy for each patient. On the other hand, despite the great knowledge generated regarding the genetics of RA, most of the investigations performed to date have focused on identifying common variants associated with RA, which cannot explain the complete heritability of the disease. In this regard, rare variants could also contribute to this missing heritability as well as act as biomarkers that help in choosing the right therapy. In the present article, different aspects of genetics in the pathogenesis and treatment of RA are reviewed, from large-scale genomic studies to specific rare variant analyses. We also discuss the shared genetic architecture existing among autoimmune diseases and its implications for RA therapy, such as drug repositioning.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/185044
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/jcm8060826
Appears in Collections:Colección MDPI
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