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Broad neutralizing activity against ebolaviruses lacking the mucin-like domain in convalescent plasma specimens from patients with Ebola virus disease

AuthorsLuczkowiak, Joanna; Lasala, Fátima; Mora-Rillo, Marta; Arribas, José R.; Delgado, Rafael
KeywordsEbola virus
Convalescent patients
Neutralization assay
Issue Date15-Dec-2018
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationJournal of Infectious Diseases 218(5): S574–S581 (2018)
Abstract[Background] In Ebola virus (EBOV) infection, the specific neutralizing activity of convalescent plasma against other members of the Ebolavirus genus has not been extensively analyzed. [Methods] We measured the neutralizing activity in plasma from 3 survivors of the recent outbreak due to the Makona variant of EBOV and tested its neutralizing potency against other variants of EBOV (ie, Mayinga and Kikwit) and against Sudan virus (SUDV), Bundibugyo virus (BDBV), and Reston virus (RESTV), using a glycoprotein (GP)–pseudotyped lentiviral system both with fulllength GP and in vitro–cleaved GP (GPCL). [Results] Convalescent plasma specimens from survivors of EBOV infection showed low neutralizing activity against full-length GPs of SUDV, BDBV, RESTV, and EBOV variants Mayinga and Kikwit. However, broad and potent neutralizing activity was observed against the GPCL forms of SUDV, BDBV, and RESTV. [Discussion] Removal of the mucin-like domain and glycan cap from the GP of members of the Ebolavirus genus presumably exposes conserved epitopes in or in the vicinity of the receptor binding site and internal fusion loop that are readily amenable to neutralization. These types of broad neutralizing antibodies could be induced by using immunogens mimicking GPCL.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy302
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
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