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Dispersion and Functionalization of Nanoparticles synthesized by Gas Aggregation Source: Opening new Routes toward the Fabrication of Nanoparticles for Biomedicine

AuthorsOprea, B.; Martínez, L.; Román García, Elisa Leonor ; Vanea, E.; Simon, S.; Huttel, Yves
Issue Date29-Dec-2015
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationLangmuir:the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids 31(51): 13813-13820 (2015)
AbstractThe need to find new nanoparticles for biomedical applications is pushing the limits of the fabrication methods. New techniques with versatilities beyond the extended chemical routes can provide new insight in the field. In particular, gas aggregation sources offer the possibility to fabricate nanoparticles with controlled size, composition, and structure out of thermodynamics. In this context, the milestone is the optimization of the dispersion and functionalization processes of nanoparticles once fabricated by these routes as they are generated in the gas phase and deposited on substrates in vacuum or ultra-high vacuum conditions. In the present work we propose a fabrication route in ultra-high vacuum that is compatible with the subsequent dispersion and functionalization of nanoparticles in aqueous media and, which is more remarkable, in one single step. In particular, we will present the fabrication of nanoparticles with a sputter gas aggregation source using a FeB target and their further dispersion and functionalization with polyethyleneglycol (PEG). Characterization of these nanoparticles is carried out before and after PEG functionalization. During functionalization, significant boron dissolution occurs, which facilitates nanoparticle dispersion in the aqueous solution. The use of different complementary techniques allows us to prove the PEG attachment onto the surface of the nanoparticles, creating a shell to make them biocompatible. The result is the formation of nanoparticles with a structure mainly composed by a metallic Fe core and an iron oxide shell, surrounded by a second PEG shell dispersed in aqueous solution. Relaxivity measurements of these PEG-functionalized nanoparticles assessed their effectiveness as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis. Therefore, this new fabrication route is a reliable alternative for the synthesis of nanoparticles for biomedicine.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b03399
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b03399
e-issn: 1520-5827
issn: 0743-7463
Appears in Collections:(ICMM) Artículos
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