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Title

High lithium ion conducting solid electrolytes based on NASICON Li1+xAlxM2-x(PO4)3 materials (M = Ti, Ge and 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5)

AuthorsArbi, Kamel ; Bucheli, Wilmer ; Jiménez, Ricardo ; Sanz, J.
KeywordsFast ion conductors
Lithium batteries
Electric impedance spectroscopy
NMR spectroscopy
NASICON
Issue DateMay-2015
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of the European Ceramic Society 35(5): 1477-1484 (2015)
AbstractFast ion conductors Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 (LATP) and Li1+xAlxGe2-x(PO4)3 (LAGP) with 0≤x≤0.5 have been successfully prepared by the solid state reaction method and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and impedance spectroscopy (IS) techniques. The structural analysis showed that the main crystalline phase detected in the XRD patterns of prepared samples displays the rhombohedral NASICON-type structure (space group R-3c). From the analysis of the 27Al and 31P MAS-NMR spectra, octahedra occupation and cation distribution have been investigated; from 7Li MAS-NMR spectra, structural sites and local mobility of Li have been analyzed. Information about long-range lithium mobility has been deduced from the analysis of IS data recorded in the frequency 20Hz to 3GHz and temperature 100-500K intervals. The use of the derivative logσ vs. logω function has enabled the detection of two high frequency responses that have been associated, according to the core-shell model, to the heterogeneous distribution of Al at surface and inside LATP and LAGP particles. IS measurements showed a higher bulk conductivity (3.4×10-3 and ~10-4Scm-1 at RT) and lower activation energy (0.28 and 0.38eV) in LATP and LAGP samples, respectively.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.11.023
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/184381
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.11.023
issn: 0955-2219
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