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The Role of MicroRNAs in Environmental Risk Factors, Noise-Induced Hearing Loss, and Mental Stress

AuthorsMiguela, Verónica; Cui, Julia Y.; Daimiel, Lidia; Espinosa-Díez, Cristina ; Fernández-Hernando, Carlos; Kavanagh, Terrance J.; Lamas Peláez, Santiago
KeywordsMental stress
Hearing loss
Environmental chemicals
Heavy metals
Air pollution
Neuropsychiatric disorders
Noise exposure
Issue Date2018
PublisherMary Ann Liebert
CitationAntioxidants & Redox Signaling 28: 773- 796 (2018)
AbstractSignificance: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression and define part of the epigenetic signature. Their influence on every realm of biomedicine is established and progressively increasing. The impact of environment on human health is enormous. Among environmental risk factors impinging on quality of life are those of chemical nature (toxic chemicals, heavy metals, pollutants, and pesticides) as well as those related to everyday life such as exposure to noise or mental and psychosocial stress. Recent Advances: This review elaborates on the relationship between miRNAs and these environmental risk factors. Critical Issues: The most relevant facts underlying the role of miRNAs in the response to these environmental stressors, including redox regulatory changes and oxidative stress, are highlighted and discussed. In the cases wherein miRNA mutations are relevant for this response, the pertinent literature is also reviewed. Future Directions: We conclude that, even though in some cases important advances have been made regarding close correlations between specific miRNAs and biological responses to environmental risk factors, a need for prospective large-cohort studies is likely necessary to establish causative roles. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 28, 773-796.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1089/ars.2017.7175
issn: 1557-7716
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