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Effect of precursors on the microstructure and electrical properties of Bi2Ba2Co2O x

AuthorsSotelo, A.; Torres, M. A.; Rasekh, Sh.; Madre, M. A.; Diez, J. C.
Thermoelectric properties
Issue Date2017
CitationJournal of the Australian Ceramic Society 53(2): 583-590 (2017)
AbstractBi2Ba2Co2O x thermoelectric materials have been prepared through three different synthesis methods. The corresponding precursors were obtained from a coprecipitation method using oxalic acid, attrition milling, and classical solid state method (used as reference). Microstructural studies of precursors have shown that the ones produced by coprecipitation and attrition milling led to smaller grain sizes than the ones obtained through ball milling. Infrared spectroscopy has demonstrated that a thermal treatment at 450 °C totally decomposes the metallic oxalates, producing a mixture of Bi and Co oxides, and Ba carbonate, the same average composition of the other precursors. After sintering procedure, it has been determined that the small grain size precursors produce high-density samples, reflected in a decrease of electrical resistivity without significant modification of the Seebeck coefficient. As a consequence, power factor values are more than two times higher than the measured in samples prepared by the classical solid state method. Moreover, the highest power factor values are in the order of the best reported in textured materials, demonstrating the critical role of precursors in the final properties of these materials.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s41779-017-0070-6
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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