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Effect of captopril on mushroom tyrosinase activity in vitro

AuthorsEspín de Gea, Juan Carlos ; Wichers, Harry J.
L -Tyrosine
Issue Date12-Jan-2001
CitationBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Protein Structure and Molecular Enzymology 1544(1-2): 289-300 (2001)
AbstractThe study presented here demonstrates that the antihypertensive drug captopril ([2S]-N-[3-mercapto-2-methylpropionyl]- -proline) is an irreversible non-competitive inhibitor and an irreversible competitive inhibitor of the monophenolase and diphenolase activities of mushroom tyrosinase when -tyrosine and -DOPA were assayed spectrophotometrically in vitro, respectively. Captopril was rendered unstable by tyrosinase catalysis because of the interaction between the enzymatic-generated product (o-quinone) and captopril to give rise to a colourless conjugate. Therefore, captopril was able to prevent melanin formation. The spectrophotometric recordings of the inhibition of tyrosinase by captopril were characterised by the presence of a lag period prior to the attainment of an inhibited steady state rate. The lag period corresponded to the time in which captopril was reacting with the enzymatically generated o-quinone. Increasing captopril concentrations provoked longer lag periods as well as a concomitant decrease in the tyrosinase activity. Both lag period and steady state rate were dependent of captopril, substrate and tyrosinase concentrations. The inhibition of both monophenolase and diphenolase activities of tyrosinase by captopril showed positive kinetic co-operativity which arose from the protection of both substrate and o-quinone against inhibition by captopril. Inhibition experiments carried out using a latent mushroom tyrosinase demonstrated that captopril only bound the enzyme at its active site. The presence of copper ions only partially prevented but not reverted mushroom tyrosinase inhibition. This could be due to the formation of both copper-captopril complex and disulphide interchange reactions between captopril and cysteine rich domains at the active site of the enzyme.
Description12 pages, 10 figures.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4838(00)00230-2
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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