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Steroidal N-nitroamines. Part. 1. Denitroamination of Steroidal 4β-, 6β-, 7α-, and 7β-nitroamines

AuthorsFrancisco, Cosme G. ; Melián, Daniel; Salazar, José A.; Suárez, Ernesto
Issue Date1982
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationJournal of the Chemical Society - Perkin Transactions 1: 923-929 (1982)
AbstractThe -hydroxy-nitroamines 6-nitroamino-5-cholestane-3,5-diol (26) and 6- and 4-nitroamino-5-cholestan-5-ol (27) and (30) have been prepared by reactions of cholest-5-en-3-yl formate, cholest-5-ene, and cholest-4-ene with nitrous acid and boron trifluoride–ether complex, and subsequent treatment with sodium borohydride. The nitroimines (12) and (25), obtained by nitrosation of the corresponding oximes, undergo similar reduction to yield 6-nitroamino-5-cholestan-3-yl acetate (32) and the 7- and 7-nitroaminocholest-5-en-3-yl acetates (36) and (38). The results of denitroamination reactions of these nitroamines, performed with acetic anhydride and pyridine, are consistent with a mechanism involving a nitrous oxide-separated ion-pair intermediate (6). The nitroamines (26), (27), and (30) gave the corresponding 5- and 4-oxirans (28), (29), and (31) by intramolecular nucleophilic substitution. The nitroamino (32) yields, by a hydrogen -elimination, the acetyl derivatives of cholest-4-en-3-ol (33), cholest-5-en-3-ol (34), and cholest-6-en-3-ol (35). The acetates of cholest-5-ene-3,7-diol (37) and cholest-5-ene-3,7-diol (39) were obtained from the 7- and 7-nitroamines (36) and (38) through substitution by a counter-ion, a total retention of configuration for the 7-nitroamine and 14% inversion for the 7-isomer being observed.
Description7 pages, 5 schemes.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/P19820000923
Appears in Collections:(IPNA) Artículos
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