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Title

Comparative molecular analysis of evolutionarily distant glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase from Sardina pilchardus and Octopus vulgaris

AuthorsBaibai, Tarik: Oukhattar, L.; Mountassif, D.; Assobhei, O.; Serrano, Aurelio ; Soukri, A.
KeywordsMolecular phylogeny
Sardina pilchardus
Octopus vulgaris
RT-PCR
GapC gene
cDNA
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
Issue Date2010
PublisherOxford University Press
CitationActa Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 42: 863- 872 (2010)
AbstractThe NAD+-dependent cytosolic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH, EC 1.2.1.12), which is recognized as a key to central carbon metabolism in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis and as an important allozymic polymorphic biomarker, was purified from muscles of two marine species: the skeletal muscle of Sardina pilchardus Walbaum (Teleost, Clupeida) and the incompressible arm muscle of Octopus vulgaris (Mollusca, Cephalopoda). Comparative biochemical studies have revealed that they differ in their subunit molecular masses and in pI values. Partial cDNA sequences corresponding to an internal region of the GapC genes from Sardina and Octopus were obtained by polymerase chain reaction using degenerate primers designed from highly conserved protein motifs. Alignments of the deduced amino acid sequences were used to establish the 3D structures of the active site of two enzymes as well as the phylogenetic relationships of the sardine and octopus enzymes. These two enzymes are the first two GAPDHs characterized so far from teleost fish and cephalopod, respectively. Interestingly, phylogenetic analyses indicated that the sardina GAPDH is in a cluster with the archetypical enzymes from other vertebrates, while the octopus GAPDH comes together with other molluscan sequences in a distant basal assembly closer to bacterial and fungal orthologs, thus suggesting their different evolutionary scenarios. © 2010 The Author.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/178453
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/abbs/gmq103
issn: 1672-9145
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