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Effect of pyrolysis conditions on the total contents of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in biochars produced from organic residues: Assessment of their hazard potential

AuthorsRosa Arranz, José M. de la ; Sánchez Martín, , Agueda M.; Campos Díaz de Mayorga, Paloma; Miller, A. Z.
Total toxic equivalent concentration
Pyrolysis conditions
Batch reactor
Organic waste
Issue Date1-Jun-2019
CitationScience of The Total Environment (667): 578-585 (2019)
AbstractThe interest of using biochar, the solid byproduct from organic waste pyrolysis, as soil conditioner is significantly increasing. Nevertheless, persistent organic pollutants, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), are formed during pyrolysis due to the incomplete combustion of organic matter. Consequently, these pollutants may enter the environment when biochar is incorporated into soil and cause adverse ecological effects. In this study, we examined the content of the 16 United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) PAHs in biochars produced from rice husk, wood, wheat and sewage sludge residues using three different pyrolytic reactors and temperatures (400, 500 and 600 °C). The total concentration of PAHs (∑PAH) ranged from 799 to 6364 μg kg−1, being naphthalene, phenanthrene and anthracene the most abundant PAHs in all the biochars. The maximum amount of PAHs was observed for the rice husk biochar produced in the batch reactor at 400 °C, which decreased with increasing temperature. The ∑PAH value of the wood biochar produced via traditional kilns doubled compared with the wood biochar produced using the other pyrolytic reactors (5330 μg kg−1 in Kiln; 2737 μg kg−1 in batch and 1942 μg kg−1 in the rotary reactor). Looking for a more reliable risk assessment of the potential exposure of PAHs in biochar, the total toxic equivalent concentrations (TTEC) of the 14 produced biochars were calculated. When comparing the same feedstock and temperature, TTEC values indicated that the rotary reactor produced the safest biochars. In contrast, the biochars produced using the batch reactor at 400 and 500 °C have the greatest hazard potential. Our results provide valuable information on the potential risk of biochar application for human and animal health, as well as for the environment due to PAHs contamination.
Description8 páginas.-- 4 figuras.-- 2 tablas.-- 53 referencias.-- Los datos complementarios a este artículo se pueden encontrar en línea en https://doi.org /10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.42
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.421
Appears in Collections:(IRNAS) Artículos
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