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Structure of the stomach cuticle in adult and larvae of the spider crab Maja brachydactyla (Brachyura, Decapoda)

AuthorsCastejón, Diego ; Rotllant, Guiomar ; Ribes, Enric; Durfort, Mercè; Guerao, Guillermo
KeywordsLarval development
Transmission electron microscopy
Issue DateMar-2019
CitationJournal of Morphology 280(3): 370-380 (2019)
AbstractThe stomach of decapods is a complex organ with specialized structures that are delimited by a cuticle. The morphology and ontogeny of the stomach are largely described, but few studies have focused on the morphology of its cuticle. This study examined the morphology of the stomach cuticle of cardiac sacs, gastric mill ossicles, cardio‐pyloric valve and pyloric filters, and during various stages (zoea I and II, megalopa, first juvenile, and adult) of the common spider crab Maja brachydactyla using dissection, histology and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that cuticle morphology varies among structures (e.g., cardiac sacs, urocardiac ossicle, cardio‐pyloric valve, pyloric filters), within a single structure (e.g., different sides of the urocardiac ossicle) and among different life stages. The cuticle during the larval stages is very thin and the different layers (epicuticle, exocuticle, and endocuticle) are infrequently distinguishable by histology. Major changes during larval development regarding cuticle morphology are observed after the molt to megalopa, including the increment in thickness in the gastric mill ossicles and cardio‐pyloric valve, and the disappearance of the long thickened setae of the cardio‐pyloric valve. The cuticle of all the stomach structures in the adults is thicker than in larval and juvenile stages. The cuticle varies in thickness, differential staining affinity and morphology of the cuticle layers. The structure–function relationship of the cuticle morphology is discussed
Description11 pages, 7 figures, supporting information https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20949
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20949
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/jmor.20949
issn: 0362-2525
e-issn: 1097-4687
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos
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