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Increase of redox potential during the evolution of enzymes degrading recalcitrant lignin

AuthorsAyuso-Fernández, Iván ; Lacey, Antonio L. de; Cañada, F. Javier ; Ruiz-Dueñas, F. J. ; Martínez, Ángel T.
KeywordsAncestral enzymes
Molecular evolution
Protein NMR
Redox chemistry
Stopped-flow equilibrium
Issue Date21-Feb-2019
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationChemistry. A European Journal 25 (11) 2708-2712 (2019)
AbstractTo investigate how ligninolytic peroxidases acquired the uniquely high redox potential they show today, their ancestors were resurrected and characterized. Unfortunately, the transient Compounds I (CI) and II (CII) from peroxide activation of the enzyme resting state (RS) are unstable. Therefore, the reduction potentials (E°') of the three redox couples (CI/RS, CI/CII and CII/RS) were estimated (for the first time in a ligninolytic peroxidase) from equilibrium concentrations analyzed by stopped-flow UV/Vis spectroscopy. Interestingly, the E°' of rate-limiting CII reduction to RS increased 70 mV from the common peroxidase ancestor to extant lignin peroxidase (LiP), and the same boost was observed for CI/RS and CI/CII, albeit with higher E°' values. A straightforward correlation was found between the E°' value and the progressive displacement of the proximal histidine Hϵ1 chemical shift in the NMR spectra, due to the higher paramagnetic effect of the heme Fe3+ . More interestingly, the E°' and NMR data also correlated with the evolutionary time, revealing that ancestral peroxidases increased their reduction potential in the evolution to LiP thanks to molecular rearrangements in their heme pocket during the last 400 million years.
Description5 p.-6 fig.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201805679
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