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Degradation of altered mitochondria by autophagy is impaired in Lafora disease

AuthorsLahuerta, Marcos; Aguado, Carmen; Sánchez-Martín, Pablo; Sanz, Pascual ; Knecht, Erwin
KeywordsLafora disease
Human fibroblasts
Issue DateJun-2018
Federation of European Biochemical Societies
CitationFEBS Journal 285(11):2071-2090 (2018)
AbstractLafora disease (LD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder caused mostly by mutations in either of two genes encoding laforin and malin. LD is characterized by accumulation of a poorly branched form of glycogen in the cytoplasm of neurons and other cells. We previously reported dysfunctional mitochondria in different LD models. Now, using mitochondrial uncouplers and respiratory chain inhibitors, we have investigated with human fibroblasts a possible alteration in the selective degradation of damaged mitochondria (mitophagy) in LD. By flow cytometry of MitoTracker-labelled cells and measuring the levels of various mitochondrial proteins by western blot, we found in LD fibroblasts a partial impairment in the increased mitochondrial degradation produced by these treatments. In addition, colocalization of mitochondrial and lysosomal markers decreased in LD fibroblasts. All these results are consistent with a partial impairment in the induced autophagic degradation of dysfunctional mitochondria in LD fibroblasts. However, canonical recruitment of Parkin to mitochondria under these conditions remained unaffected in LD fibroblasts, and also in SH-SY5Y cells after malin and laforin overexpression. Neither mitochondrial localization nor protein levels of Bcl-2-like protein 13, another component of the mitophagic machinery that operates under these conditions, were affected in LD fibroblasts. In contrast, although these treatments raised autophagy in both control and LD fibroblasts, this enhanced autophagy was clearly lower in the latter cells. Therefore, the autophagic degradation of altered mitochondria is impaired in LD, which is due to a partial defect in the autophagic response and not in the canonical mitophagy signalling pathways.
Description20 páginas, 13 figuras
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/febs.14468
Appears in Collections:(IBV) Artículos
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