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Structure-based discovery of novel non-nucleosidic DNA alkyltransferase inhibitors: virtual screening and in vitro and in vivo activities

AuthorsRuiz, Federico M. ; Gil-Redondo, Ruben; Morreale, Antonio ; Ortiz, Angel R.; Fabrega, Carmen; Bravo, Jerónimo
KeywordsO6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (MGMT)
Structure-based drug design (SBDD)
O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG)
1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU)
Issue DateApr-2008
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling 48(4):844-54 (2008)
AbstractThe human DNA-repair O (6)-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase (MGMT or hAGT) protein protects DNA from environmental alkylating agents and also plays an important role in tumor resistance to chemotherapy treatment. Available inhibitors, based on pseudosubstrate analogs, have been shown to induce substantial bone marrow toxicity in vivo. These deficiencies and the important role of MGMT as a resistance mechanism in the treatment of some tumors with dismal prognosis like glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and lethal primary malignant brain tumor, are increasing the attention toward the development of improved MGMT inhibitors. Here, we report the identification for the first time of novel non-nucleosidic MGMT inhibitors by using docking and virtual screening techniques. The discovered compounds are shown to be active in both in vitro and in vivo cellular assays, with activities in the low to medium micromolar range. The chemical structures of these new compounds can be classified into two families according to their chemical architecture. The first family corresponds to quinolinone derivatives, while the second is formed by alkylphenyl-triazolo-pyrimidine derivatives. The predicted inhibitor protein interactions suggest that the inhibitor binding mode mimics the complex between the excised, flipped out damaged base and MGMT. This study opens the door to the development of a new generation of MGMT inhibitors.
Description11 páginas, 6 figuras, 2 tablas
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ci700447r
Appears in Collections:(IBV) Artículos
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