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Title

Inverse Modeling the Brazil‐Malvinas Confluence

AuthorsOrúe-Echevarría, Dorleta; Pelegrí, Josep Lluís ; Machín, Francisco; Hernández Guerra, Alonso; Emelianov, Mikhail
Issue DateJan-2019
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
CitationJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 124(1): 527-554 (2019)
AbstractThe Brazil‐Malvinas Confluence arises from the frontal encountering of the subtropical Brazil Current and subantarctic Malvinas Current. It displays a complex regional circulation that is accompanied by mesoscale features and thermohaline intrusions. Here we combine altimetry and cruise data to describe the circulation pattern in the upper 2,000 m at two spatial scales encircling the frontal system. The major regional features appear south of the confluence latitude at 39–40°S: (a) a relatively weak Malvinas Current near 41°S, 56°W (28.3 ± 1.4 Sv), followed by its cyclonic retroflection; (b) an intense subtropical anticyclone (59.3 ± 10.7 Sv) that replaces the Brazil Current overshoot; and (c) a very intense subantarctic inflow (78.9 ± 13.7 Sv) near 53°W that is maintained through both an upstream (near 42°S) earlier diversion of the Malvinas Current and the cyclonic recirculation of the flow exiting east along the confluence. North of the confluence, the Brazil Current provides a net input of 30.8 ± 12.0 Sv (29.1 ± 8.3 Sv along the slope). The southern inflow splits nearly equal between barotropic and baroclinic contributions while the entire northern flow is essentially baroclinic. These northern and southern inputs add to an eastward along‐front transport of 109.7 ± 15.1 Sv, with significant contribution of highly oxygenated, relatively fresh Subantarctic Mode and Antarctic Intermediate Waters (58.7 ± 5.6 Sv). The regional circulation experiences substantial temporal variability, with southern waters flowing into the Brazil‐Malvinas Confluence through along‐slope and interior pathways and partly recirculating within the subtropical South Atlantic gyre
Description28 pages, 17 figures, 4 tables, supporting information https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014733
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014733
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/176300
Identifiersdoi: 10.1029/2018JC014733
issn: 2169-9291
e-issn: 2169-9291
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