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Title

Isotope Labelling for Reaction Mechanism Analysis in DBD Plasma Processes

AuthorsNavascués, Paula; Obrero-Pérez, Jose M.; Cotrino, José ; González-Elipe, Agustín R. ; Gómez-Ramírez, Ana
KeywordsDielectric barrier discharge (DBD)
Isotope labelling
Methane reforming
Ammonia synthesis
Plasma catalysis
Issue Date4-Jan-2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationCatalysts 9(1): 45 (2019)
AbstractDielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasmas and plasma catalysis are becoming an alternative procedure to activate various gas phase reactions. A low-temperature and normal operating pressure are the main advantages of these processes, but a limited energy efficiency and little selectivity control hinder their practical implementation. In this work, we propose the use of isotope labelling to retrieve information about the intermediate reactions that may intervene during the DBD processes contributing to a decrease in their energy efficiency. The results are shown for the wet reforming reaction of methane, using D2O instead of H2O as reactant, and for the ammonia synthesis, using NH3/D2/N2 mixtures. In the two cases, it was found that a significant amount of outlet gas molecules, either reactants or products, have deuterium in their structure (e.g., HD for hydrogen, CDxHy for methane, or NDxHy for ammonia). From the analysis of the evolution of the labelled molecules as a function of power, useful information has been obtained about the exchange events of H by D atoms (or vice versa) between the plasma intermediate species. An evaluation of the number of these events revealed a significant progression with the plasma power, a tendency that is recognized to be detrimental for the energy efficiency of reactant to product transformation. The labelling technique is proposed as a useful approach for the analysis of plasma reaction mechanisms
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/catal9010045
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/176154
DOI10.3390/catal9010045
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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