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Translational initiation factor eIF5 replaces eIF1 on the 40S ribosomal subunit to promote start-codon recognition

AuthorsLlácer, José Luis ; Hussain, Tanweer; Saini, Adesh K; Nanda, Jagpreet Singh; Kaur, Sukhvir; Gordiyenko, Yuliya; Kumar, Rakesh; Hinnebusch, Alan G; Lorsch, Jon R.
KeywordsKluyveromyces lactis
S. cerevisiae
Translation initiation
Molecular biophysics
Structural biology
Issue Date30-Nov-2018
PublishereLife Sciences Publications
CitationeLife 7. e39273 (2018)
AbstractIn eukaryotic translation initiation, AUG recognition of the mRNA requires accommodation of Met-tRNAi in a 'PIN' state, which is antagonized by the factor eIF1. eIF5 is a GTPase activating protein (GAP) of eIF2 that additionally promotes stringent AUG selection, but the molecular basis of its dual function was unknown. We present a cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) reconstruction of a yeast 48S pre-initiation complex (PIC), at an overall resolution of 3.0 Å, featuring the N-terminal domain (NTD) of eIF5 bound to the 40S subunit at the location vacated by eIF1. eIF5 interacts with and allows a more accommodated orientation of Met-tRNAi. Substitutions of eIF5 residues involved in the eIF5-NTD/tRNAi interaction influenced initiation at near-cognate UUG codonsin vivo, and the closed/open PIC conformation in vitro, consistent with direct stabilization of the codon:anticodon duplex by the wild-type eIF5-NTD. The present structure reveals the basis for a key role of eIF5 in start-codon selection.
Description33 páginas, 10 figuras, 5 tablas
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.39273
Appears in Collections:(IBV) Artículos
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