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Title

Sex-specific associations between telomere dynamics and oxidative status in adult and nestling pied flycatchers

AuthorsLópez-Arrabé, Jimena ; Monaghan, Pat; Cantarero, Alejandro ; Boner, Winnie; Pérez-Rodríguez, Lorenzo ; Moreno Klemming, Juan
KeywordsFicedula hypoleuca
Oxidative stress
Telomere shortening
Telomere length
Issue Date2018
PublisherUniversity of Chicago Press
CitationPhysiological and Biochemical Zoology 91(3): 868-877 (2018)
AbstractOxidative stress can contribute to an acceleration of telomere erosion, leading to cellular senescence and aging. Increased investment in reproduction is known to accelerate senescence, generally resulting in reduced future reproductive potential and survival. To better understand the role played by oxidative status and telomere dynamics in the conflict between maintenance and reproduction, it is important to determine how these factors are related in parents and their offspring. We investigated the relationship between oxidative status and telomere measurements in pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca). Total antioxidant status (TAS) in plasma, total levels of glutathione in red blood cells (RBCs), and oxidative damage in plasma lipids (malondialdehyde [MDA]) were assessed in both parents and nestlings. Telomeres were measured in RBCs in adults. Our results showed sex differences in oxidative variables in adults that are likely to be mediated by sex steroids, with testosterone and estrogens increasing and reducing, respectively, the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. We found a negative association between telomere length (TL) and MDA in adults in the previous season. Moreover, TL was positively associated with TAS in females, while telomere shortening (∆TL) correlated positively with MDA in males in the current year. These associations could be reflecting differences between sexes in reproductive physiology. We found a positive correlation between parental ∆TL and nestling MDA, an example of how parental physiological aging could affect offspring quality in terms of oxidative stress that highlights the constraints imposed by higher rates of ∆TL during reproduction and rearing.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1086/697294
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/174808
Identifiersdoi: 10.1086/697294
issn: 1522-2152
e-issn: 1537-5293
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