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Mechanosensing in the Drosophila nervous system

AuthorsKarkali, Katerina ; Martín-Blanco, Enrique
Nervous System
Issue DateNov-2017
CitationSeminars in Cell and Developmental Biology 71: 22-29 (2017)
AbstractNeurons allocated to sense organs respond rapidly to mechanical signals dictating behavioral responses at the organism level. The receptors that transduce these signals, and underlie these senses, are mechanically gated channels. Research on mechanosensation over the past decade, employing in many cases Drosophila as a model, has focused in typifying these receptors and in exploring the different ways, depending on context, in which these mechanosensors are modulated. In this review, we discuss first what we have learned from Drosophila on these mechanisms and we describe the different mechanosensory organs present in the Drosophila larvae and adult. Secondly, we focus on the progress obtained by studying the fly on the characterization of the mechanosensory crosstalk underlying complex behaviors like motor coordination. Finally, turning to a cellular level, we summarize what is known on the mechanical properties and sensing capabilities of neural cells and how they may affect neural physiology and pathology.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.semcdb.2017.06.014
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