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Nonlocal birth-death competitive dynamics with volume exclusion

AuthorsKhalil, Nagi ; López, Cristóbal ; Hernández-García, Emilio
KeywordsBirth-death stochastic dynamics
Interacting particle systems
Pattern formation
Nonlocal logistic growth
Issue Date28-Jun-2017
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitationJournal of Statistical Mechanics: 063505 (2017)
AbstractA stochastic birth-death competition model for particles with excluded volume is proposed. The particles move, reproduce, and die on a regular lattice. While the death rate is constant, the birth rate is spatially nonlocal and implements inter-particle competition by a dependence on the number of particles within a finite distance. The finite volume of particles is accounted for by fixing an upper value to the number of particles that can occupy a lattice node, compromising births and movements. We derive closed macroscopic equations for the density of particles and spatial correlation at two adjacent sites. Under different conditions, the description is further reduced to a single equation for the particle density that contains three terms: diffusion, a linear death, and a highly nonlinear and nonlocal birth term. Steady-state homogeneous solutions, their stability which reveals spatial pattern formation, and the dynamics of time-dependent homogeneous solutions are discussed and compared, in the one-dimensional case, with numerical simulations of the particle system.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/aa7283
Appears in Collections:(IFISC) Artículos
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