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Title

Combining Breath Figures and Supercritical Fluids to Obtain Porous Polymer Scaffolds

AuthorsCastaño, Marta; Martínez-Campos, Enrique; Pintado-Sierra, Mercedes ; García, Carolina ; Reinecke, Helmut ; Gallardo, Alberto ; Rodríguez-Hernández, Juan ; Elvira, Carlos
Issue Date2018
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationACS Omega 3: 12593-12599 (2018)
AbstractSupercritical fluids technology is a clean methodology to foam polymeric materials. However, this technique provides only the formation of inner porosity, whereas the so-called skin layer is commonly observed at the polymer surface. This article describes a new method for the preparation of outer and inner porous poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds by combination of supercritical CO (SCCO) foaming and the breath figures technique. In the first step, experiments with a SCCO reactor were performed at 35-45 °C, 100-250 bar, and 1-20 min depressurization time. The effect of these parameters in the formation of inner porosity was investigated for an adequate optimization. In a late stage, to provide also surface porosity to the polymeric samples and remove the skin layer, the breath figures technique was employed. The evaluation of porosity was determined by scanning electronic microscopy, mercury porosimetry, and micro X-ray computerized tomography scanning processing the images obtained with the ImageJ software. The results of this study using these two complementary techniques showed the existence of interconnectivity between inner and outer porosity of the samples. Furthermore, thermal transitions and crystallinity of the PCL samples have been analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry. Finally, a preliminary biological evaluation of the resulting scaffolds with mouse endothelial cells (C166-GFP) was performed to assess their biocompatibility and cellular viability.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.8b02024
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/173417
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/acsomega.8b02024
issn: 2470-1343
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