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Closed Access item Xenobiotic metabolism markers in marine fish with different trophic strategies and their relationship to ecological variables

Authors:Solé, Montserrat
Rodríguez, S.
Papiol, Vanesa
Maynou, Francesc
Cartes, Joan Enric
Keywords:Shelf- and slope-dwelling species, NW Mediterranean, Hepatic biomarkers, Diet, Ecological variables
Issue Date:2009
Publisher:Elsevier
Citation:Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C 149.(1): 83-89 (2009)
Abstract:Nine fish species of commercial interest from six teleost families and two species of elasmobranchs were selected for characterisation of hepatic biomarkers used in early-warning assessment of pollutant exposure. The sampling was carried out in front of the Barcelona coast (NW Mediterranean) during December 2006 at shelf (53 m) and slope (660 m) depths. The enzymes considered included the antioxidant defence catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GR), phase I ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) and phase II glutathione S-transferase (GST). Protein yield (PY) was used as a general marker of hepatic protein synthesis. Significant interspecies differences were evidenced, although each marker varied independently. Enzymatic activities in teleosts were higher than in elasmobranchs; they were very low in Scyliorhinus canicula (mainly a benthic feeder), but not so low in Galeus melastomus (pelagic feeder). In relation to depth, shallow water, shelf-living species had higher metabolic activities. Trophic variables were significantly related to PY and EROD activity, and were especially high in benthic/suprabenthic feeders. Trophic level (deduced from stable isotopy) and stomach fullness were associated with all hepatic markers, except GR. Swimming capacity was related to all hepatic enzymes. Our findings can be applied, not only from the perspective of conservation ecology regarding pollution, but also in fisheries, due to the economic interest of the species involved.
Description:7 pages, 1 figure, 3 tables
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2008.07.008
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10261/17217
ISSN:1532-0456
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Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos

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