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Title

Assessment of dietary lutein, zeaxanthin and lycopene intakes and sources in the Spanish survey of dietary intake (2009-2010)

AuthorsEstévez Santiago, Rocío ; Beltrán de Miguel, Beatriz; Olmedilla Alonso, Begoña
KeywordsNon-provitamin A carotenoids
Food consumption survey
Bioactive compounds
Issue Date2016
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationInternational Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 67(3): 305-313 (2016)
AbstractWe assessed the intake and major dietary sources of lutein, zeaxanthin and lycopene (nonprovitamin A carotenoids) in Spain using food consumption data from the Spanish National Dietary Intake Survey (2009¿2010). Three-day diaries and one 24-h recall were used to collect dietary data and a software application that includes HPLC data was used. Average intake of those carotenoids was 4290.8 mg/d (67.1% total carotenoid intake), mainly from vegetables (3414.0 mg/d), followed by fruits (393.5 mg/d), oils/fats (204.0 mg/d) and eggs/egg products (170.0 mg/d). Main sources of lutein and zeaxanthin were vegetables (62.9% total diet, 1235.2 mg/person/d). Lycopene intake was 3055.6 mg/d (71.2% of non-provitamin A carotenoids), mainly from tomato and by-products (86.3%) and watermelon. Red- and orange-colored fruits and vegetables were the major contributors of non-provitamin carotenoids (3219.0 mg/person/d). Balanced diets should favor fruits and vegetables over other dietary sources (oils, eggs, processed foods) that contain components to be consumed with moderation.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3109/09637486.2016.1147020
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/171502
Identifiersdoi: 10.3109/09637486.2016.1147020
issn: 0963-7486
e-issn: 1465-3478
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