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Influence of processing in the phenolic composition and health-promoting properties of Lentils (Lens culinaris L.)

AuthorsLópez, Ana; El-Naggar, T.; Dueñas, Montserrat; Ortega, Teresa; Estrella, Isabel ; Hernández, Teresa; Gómez-Serranillos, Pilar; Palomino, Olga; Carretero, M. Elvira
Issue Date2017
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationJournal of Food Processing and Preservation 41(5): e13113 (2017)
AbstractLentils (Lens culinaris L.) are a source of polyphenolic compounds with health-promoting properties, but cooking processes before consumption cause hydrolytic reactions, endogenous enzymes and biochemical metabolism activation which could interfere with their positive physiological effects. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of boiling and germination in the phenolic content and composition of marketed lentils by liquid chromatography analysis and thus, to evaluate its impact on the neuroprotective and anticancer properties through cell culture assays. The protective effect toward astrocyte culture when submitted to an oxidant injury remained after processing while a decrease in the antioxidant activity by oxygen radical absorbing capacity assay and DPPH methods was detected. Every sample was cytotoxic on the assayed cancer cell lines, the strongest antiproliferative activity being for germinated lentils on melanoma cell line. In conclusion, processing of lentils led to significant chemical modifications in the polyphenolic content without significant influence on its healthy properties.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/jfpp.13113
e-issn: 1745-4549
issn: 0145-8892
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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