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Title

Nutritional status of the spanish vegetarian population: Veggunn study

AuthorsGallego-Narbón, Angélica; Zapatera, Belén ; Sánchez, Aitor; Vaquero, M. Pilar
Issue Date2018
PublisherS. Karger AG
CitationComplementary Medicine Research 25(Supl.1): 11-12 (2018)
Abstract[Purpose]: Vegetarian diets are increasingly becoming popular in Spain. appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. There are no scientific data on the nutritional status of vegetarian/vegan Spanish adults or on the relationship between their lifestyle habits and analytical biomarkers of health. Here we present the methodology of an ambitious research project with the aim of knowing the nutritional status of vegetarians, including vegans, using biochemical, anthropometric, dietary and health status markers. [Methods]: The study design is an observational assay with the following inclusion criteria: healthy adults (age≥18 y), men and women. Exclusion criteria were: occasional meat or fish consumption, diagnosed digestive, renal, hematologic, endocrine or oncological diseases, eating disorders, pregnancy, lactation and menopause. A total of 106 volunteers participated in the study. Diet information and body composition data were collected. Determinations included standard haematological and biochemical markers related with iron metabolism, lipid levels (total-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides), glucose, and vitamin B12. In addition, serum transferrin receptor, fatty acids (including n3 and n6), methylmalonic acid, and markers of bone remodelling were analysed. [Results]: Preliminary results indicated a predominance of vegetarian over vegan individuals. Most of the volunteers consumed vitamin B12 supplements. Concerning body composition, body mass index (BMI) was within the normal range. [Conclusions]: This research constitutes a complete first approach to the Spanish vegetarian population nutritional status and will provide an appropriate basis for future studies and public health recommendations.
DescriptionResumen del trabajo presentado al VegMed: "VegMed - Scientific Congress for Plant-based Nutrition and Medicine", April, 20-22, 2018, Berlin.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/171079
Identifiersdoi: 10.1159/000488417
e-issn: 2504-2106
issn: 2504-2092
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