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Dietary patterns in European and Brazilian adolescents: Comparisons and associations with socioeconomic factors

AuthorsBorges, Camila Aparecida; Slater, Betzabeth; Santaliestra-Pasías, A. M.; Mouratidou, Theodora; Huybrechts, Inge; Widhalm, Kurt; Gottrand, Frederic; Manios, Yannis; Jiménez-Pavón, D.; Valtueña, J.; Le Donne, Cinzia; Marcos, Ascensión ; Molnar, Denes; Castillo, Manuel J.; De Henauw, Stefaan; Moreno, Luis A.
KeywordsFactor analysis
Dietary patterns
Socioeconomic status
Issue Date2018
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationNutrients 10(1): E57 (2018)
AbstractAssociations between dietary patterns (DP) and socioeconomic factors have been little explored in adolescents. The aim of this study was to identify DP in European and Brazilian adolescents and to investigate their associations with a range of socioeconomic indicators. Adolescents from the HELENA-study and the Household Budget Survey were analyzed. Factor analysis was used to obtain DP. Linear regression was used to examine the association between DP and SES. In Europeans, the Western DP was associated with low education of the mother, high socioeconomic status (boys), older age (boys), and living in cities of the Northern Europe; in Brazilians, the Western DP was associated with high secondary education of the mother, high socioeconomic status and living in Southern areas of the country. The Traditional European DP, in both genders, was associated with high secondary education of the mother and inversely associated with a high socioeconomic status; the Traditional Brazilian DP, was associated with university level education of the mother and older age (boys). The association between DP and socioeconomic factors is relevant for the understanding of food-related practices and highlight the importance of performing a complete assessment of the socioeconomic influence in adolescent’s DP from developed and developing countries.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010057
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/nu10010057
e-issn: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:(ICTAN) Artículos
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