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Effect of feeding frequency on the daily rhythms of acidic digestion in a teleost fish (gilthead seabream)

AuthorsYúfera, Manuel ; Romero, María José; Pujante Rodríguez, Isabel; Astola, A. ; Mancera, Juan Miguel; Sánchez-Vázquez, F. J.; Moyano, Francisco Javier; Martínez-Rodríguez, Gonzalo
KeywordsFeeding entrainment
Gastrointestinal pH
Gastric digestion
Gilthead seabream
Sparus aurata
Issue Date2014
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationChronobiology International 31(9): 1024-1033 (2014)
AbstractGilthead seabream is a fish species of great importance in Mediterranean aquaculture, attracting many studies on nutrition and chronobiology, although nothing is known about the effect of feeding frequency on the daily rhythms of the gastric digestion process. In this article, we investigated daily rhythms in stomach fullness, gastric and intestine pH, as well as pepsin activity and expression of pepsinogen and proton pump in juvenile fish under three different feeding protocols: (A) one daily meal at 9:00, (B) two daily meals at 9:00 and 17:00 and (C) continuous feeding during the daytime. The results revealed that feeding protocol affected significantly the rhythm of gastric pH and the pepsin activity pattern. The gastric pH exhibited significant daily rhythms in the three cases with the acrophase located at night in the regimes A and B and during daytime, in the regime C. In the regimes A and B, the pepsin activity peaked few hours after the meals, although the afternoon meal in B produced a higher peak. In the regime C, the peak occurred in the middle of the feeding period. Lowest total pepsin activity was observed in regime A, and the highest activity with the regime C. In contrast, the pepsinogen gene expression remained low along the daily cycle, with an expression peak just before or after the morning meal in regimes A and C, respectively. The proton pump gene expression was also practically constant with a peak right after the morning meal in the regime C. On the other hand, intestinal pH showed a postprandial increase after the first morning meal in all the three treatments, recovering the resting values in the dark period. Two meals and continuous feeding allowed a better and prolonged gastric digestion and consequently the juveniles exhibited better growth with the same daily ration of food. In short, while the gastric digestion pattern is mainly driven by pH changes induced by the time of food ingestion, the regulation of the intestinal digestion seems to be more independent of the feeding protocol.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3109/07420528.2014.944265
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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