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Closed Access item High temperature effects on photosynthetic activity of two tomato cultivars with different heat susceptibility

Authors:Camejo, Daymi
Rodríguez, Pedro
Morales, María Angeles
Dell' Amico, José
Torrecillas Melendreras, Arturo
Alarcón Cabañero, Juan José
Keywords:Carotenoid, Electron transport, Fluorescence, Photosynthesis, Rubisco, Stomata, Thermo tolerance, Tomato
Issue Date:14-Mar-2005
Citation:Journal of Plant Physiology 162(3): 281-289(2005)
Abstract:The functional activities of the photosynthetic apparatus of two tomato cultivars of different thermotolerance were investigated after a short period of high temperature treatment. Seedlings of two tomato genotypes, Lycopersicon esculentum var. Campbell-28 and the wild thermotolerant Nagcarlang, were grown under a photoperiod of 16 h at 25 °C and dark period of 8 h at 20 °C. At the fourth true leaf stage, a group of plants was exposed to heat stress of 45 °C for 2 h. The heat shock treatment caused important reductions of the net photosynthetic rate (Pn) of Campbell-28 plants due to non-stomatal components. These non-stomatal effects were not evident in Nagcarlang-treated plants. This reduction in the CO2 assimilation rate observed in Campbell-28 was generated by affections in the Calvin cycle and also in the PSII functioning. No changes in these parameters were observed in the thermotolerant genotype after the stress. Injury to the plasma membrane because of the heat stress was evident only in the Campbell-28 genotype. Heat led to a sun-type adaptation response of the photosynthesis pigment apparatus for the Nagcarlang genotype, but not for Campbell-28, and thus an increase in chlorophyll a/b ratio and a decrease in chlorophyll/carotenoid ratio were shown in Nagcarlang stressed plants.
Publisher version (URL):http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2004.07.014
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos

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