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Time-dependent mass of cosmological perturbations in the hybrid and dressed metric approaches to loop quantum cosmology

AutorElizaga Navascués, Beatriz ; Martín de Blas, Daniel ; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.
Fecha de publicación20-feb-2018
EditorAmerican Physical Society
CitaciónPhysical Review D 97: 043523 (2018)
ResumenLoop quantum cosmology has recently been applied in order to extend the analysis of primordial perturbations to the Planck era and discuss the possible effects of quantum geometry on the cosmic microwave background. Two approaches to loop quantum cosmology with admissible ultraviolet behavior leading to predictions that are compatible with observations are the so-called hybrid and dressed metric approaches. In spite of their similarities and relations, we show in this work that the effective equations that they provide for the evolution of the tensor and scalar perturbations are somewhat different. When backreaction is neglected, the discrepancy appears only in the time-dependent mass term of the corresponding field equations. We explain the origin of this difference, arising from the distinct quantization procedures. Besides, given the privileged role that the big bounce plays in loop quantum cosmology, e.g. as a natural instant of time to set initial conditions for the perturbations, we also analyze the positivity of the time-dependent mass when this bounce occurs. We prove that the mass of the tensor perturbations is positive in the hybrid approach when the kinetic contribution to the energy density of the inflaton dominates over its potential, as well as for a considerably large sector of backgrounds around that situation, while this mass is always nonpositive in the dressed metric approach. Similar results are demonstrated for the scalar perturbations in a sector of background solutions that includes the kinetically dominated ones; namely, the mass then is positive for the hybrid approach, whereas it typically becomes negative in the dressed metric case. More precisely, this last statement is strictly valid when the potential is quadratic for values of the inflaton mass that are phenomenologically favored.
Descripción15 pags., 3 figs.
Versión del editorhttp://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.97.043523
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.043523
issn: 2470-0029
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