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Response of bacterial community structure and function to experimental rainwater additions in a coastal eutrophic embayment

AuthorsTeira, Eva; Hernando-Morales, Víctor; Martínez-García, Sandra; Figueiras, F. G. ; Arbones, Belén ; Álvarez-Salgado, Xosé Antón
Community composition
Ría de Vigo
Issue Date2013
CitationEstuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 119: 44-53 (2013)
AbstractAlthough recognized as a potentially important source of both inorganic and organic nutrients, the impact of rainwater on microbial populations from marine planktonic systems has been poorly assessed. The effect of rainwater additions on bacterioplankton metabolism and community composition was evaluated in microcosm experiments enclosing natural marine plankton populations from the Ría de Vigo (NW Spain). The experiments were conducted during three different seasons (spring, autumn and winter) using rainwater collected at three different locations: marine, urban and rural sites. Bacterial abundance and production significantly increased up to 1.3 and 1.8-fold, respectively, after urban rainwater additions in spring, when ambient nutrient concentration was very low. Overall, the increments in bacterial production were higher than those in bacterial respiration, which implies that a higher proportion of carbon consumed by bacteria would be available to higher trophic levels. The response of the different bacterial groups to distinct rainwater types differed between seasons. The most responsive bacterial groups were Betaproteobacteria which significantly increased their abundance after urban (in spring and winter) and marine (in spring) rainwater additions, and Bacteroidetes which positively responded to all rainwater treatments in spring and to urban rainwater in autumn. Gammaproteobacteria and Roseobacter responded only to urban (in spring) and marine (in winter) rainwater treatment, respectively. The responses to rainwater additions were moderate and transient, and the resulting bacterial community structure was not importantly altered
Description10 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2012.12.018
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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