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Response of superoxide dismutase isoenzymes in tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum) during thermo-acclimation of the photosynthetic apparatus

AuthorsCarnejo López, Daymi Mercedes; Martí Ruiz, María del Carmen CSIC ORCID; Nicolás Nicolás, Emilio CSIC ORCID; Alarcón Cabañero, Juan José CSIC ORCID; Jiménez Hurtado, Ana María CSIC ORCID; Sevilla Valenzuela, Francisca G. CSIC ORCID
KeywordsLycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Control treatment
Issue Date20-Jul-2007
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationPhysiologia Plantarum 131(3): 367-377(2007)
AbstractSeedlings of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. Amalia were grown in a growth chamber under a photoperiod of 16 h light at 25°C and 8 h dark at 20°C. Five different treatments were applied to 30-day-old plants: Control treatment (plants maintained in the normal growth conditions throughout the experimental time), heat acclimation (plants exposed to 35°C for 4 h in dark for 3 days), dark treatment (plants exposed to 25°C for 4 h in dark for 3 days), heat acclimation plus heat shock (plants that previously received the heat acclimation treatment were exposed to 45°C air temperature for 3 h in the light) and dark treatment plus heat shock (plants that previously received the dark treatment were exposed to 45°C air temperature for 3 h in the light). Only the heat acclimation treatment increased the thermotolerance of the photosynthesis apparatus when the heat shock (45°C) was imposed. In these plants, the CO2 assimilation rate was not affected by heat shock and there was a slight and non-significant reduction in maximum carboxylation velocity of Rubisco (Vcmax) and maximum electron transport rate contributing to Rubisco regeneration (Jmax). However, the plants exposed to dark treatment plus heat shock showed a significant reduction in the CO2 assimilation rate and also in the values of Vcmax and Jmax. Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements showed increased thermotolerance in heat-acclimated plants. The values of maximum chlorophyll fluorescence (Fm) were not modified by heat shock in these plants, while in the dark-treated plants that received the heat shock, the Fm values were reduced, which provoked a significant reduction in the efficiency of photosystem II. A slight rise in the total superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was found in the plants that had been subjected to both heat acclimation and heat shock, and this SOD activity was significantly higher than that found in the plants subjected to dark treatment plus heat shock. The activity of Fe-SOD isoenzymes was most enhanced in heat-acclimated plants but was unaltered in the plants that received the dark treatment. Total CuZn-SOD activity was reduced in all treatments. Darkness had an inhibitory effect on the Mn-SOD isoenzyme activity, which was compensated by the effect of a rise in air temperature to 35°C. These results show that the heat tolerance of tomatoplants may be increased by the previous imposition of a moderately high temperature and could be related with the thermal stability in the photochemical reactions and a readjustment of Vcmax and Jmax. Some isoenzymes, such as the Fe-SODs, may also play a role in the development of heat-shock tolerance through heat acclimation. In fact, the pattern found for these isoenzymes in heat-acclimated Amalia plants was similar to that previously described in other heat-tolerant tomato genotypes.
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