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La historia se forja en el campo: nación y cultura cubana en el siglo XX

AutorNaranjo Orovio, Consuelo
Fecha de publicación2001
EditorFundacion Instituto de Historia Social
CitaciónHistoria Social (40) : 153-174 (2001)
Resumen`[EN] In the process of building the Cuban identity in the first thirty years of the 20th century we observe that from different spheres - scientific, political, academic and literary domains, the roots of cultural identity were sought in the areas and people who were thought to contain the most "authentic" traits of Cubanity, or Cubanness. The men of letters of the first Republican generation, some historians such as Ramiro Guerra, or doctors such as Juan Guiteras, chose the peasant as spokesman of this identity. In their recovery of autochthonous expression, they took the guajiros from the land and turned them into representatives of Cubanity, but also as an example of the fight and resistance against the United States, against the disposal and expropriation of the land. The analysis of novels, of the historical works and of the reasonings which were made from medicine and biology on the white man, and specifically on the Cuban peasant will be the tools of work which will help us to understand the diverse paths used in forming a national imagery, apart from the interests, social classes and groups which sustained this.
Versión del editorhttps://www.jstor.org/stable/i40014675
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