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Local infection of opium poppy leaves by Peronospora somniferi sporangia can give rise to systemic infections and seed infection in resistant cultivars

AuthorsMontes Borrego, Miguel ; Muñoz Ledesma, Francisco Javier; Jiménez-Díaz, Rafael M. ; Landa, Blanca B.
KeywordsPeronospora meconopsidis
Disease resistance screening
Downy mildew
Inoculum source
Seed transmission
Issue Date2017
PublisherInstituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (España)
CitationSpanish Journal of Agricultural Research 15(3): e10SC01 (2017)
AbstractDowny mildew (DM) of opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) caused by Peronospora somniferi is one of the most destructive diseases of this crop due to the systemic nature of infection as compared with local infections caused by Peronospora meconopsidis, the other downy mildew pathogen of this crop. We developed an inoculation method using Peronospora somniferi sporangia as inoculum and demonstrated for the first time that local infection of leaves by sporangia give rise to systemic infections in the plant as well as of seeds. Our results also showed that this inoculation protocol was very effective in reproducing disease symptoms and assessing the resistance response to DM in opium poppy genotypes under field conditions. More interestingly, results indicate that up to 100% of seed samples from some genotypes showing a complete (symptomless) resistant phenotype were infected by the pathogen when seeds were analyzed by a P. somniferi-specific nested-PCR protocol. This latter aspect deserves further attention while breeding opium poppy for resistance to P. somniferi.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2017153-10864
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