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Influence of DEM resolution on modelling hydrological connectivity in a complex agricultural catchment with woody crops

AutorLópez-Vicente, Manuel ; Álvarez Martín, Sara
Palabras claveDEM resolution
soil roughness
hydrological connectivity
olive grove
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2018
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónLópez-VicenteM, Álvarez S. Influence of DEM resolution on modelling hydrological connectivity in a complex agricultural catchment with woody crops. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 43 (7): 1403-1415 (2018)
ResumenDigital elevation model (DEM) resolution influences hydrological simulation. However, its influence when modelling hydrological connectivity (HC) in woody crops remains to be seen. We assessed surface topography, microtopography and HC in an agricultural sub‐catchment (27.4 ha) using six photogrammetry‐derived DEMs with 0.03, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1 m cell sizes. Land uses included vineyards, olive groves, cereal fields, and forestry patches. We ran an updated version of Borselli's HC index (IC) using the D‐Infinity approach. We assessed HC in woody crops at high spatial resolution for the first time. After analysing the differences in the contributing area, the flow width, the soil roughness, the convergence index and the IC (normalised and non‐normalised) at different scales (hillslope, land uses and compartments, ephemeral gullies, depositional areas and the sub‐catchment outlet) and accounting for the field vertical components, we propose an optimum DEM resolution (0.2 m) to improve modelling of structural HC in woody crops. The modelled hydrological features at this threshold resolution matched well with the geomorphic features associated with the short‐ and medium‐term patterns of soil redistribution. Higher DEM resolutions, especially at 0.03 and 0.05 m, introduced bias in the input data and the IC computations. Finally, we observed good agreement between the outputs at the lowest resolution, 1 × 1 m, and the long‐term soil redistribution patterns (functional connectivity).
Descripción34 Pags.- 3 Tabls.- 10 Figs. The definitive version is available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10969837
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4321
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