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Computational study of the phosphoryl donor activity of dihydroxyacetone kinase from ATP to inorganic polyphosphate

AuthorsBordes, Isabel; García-Junceda, Eduardo ; Sánchez-Moreno, Israel ; Castillo, Raquel; Moliner, V.
KeywordsDihydroxyacetone kinase
Reaction mechanisms
Quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics
Molecular dynamics simulations
Issue Date2018
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationInternational Journal of Quantum Chemistry 118 (2018)
AbstractAdenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the main biological phosphoryl donor required in many enzymes including dihydroxyacetone kinases (DHAKs) that convert dihydroxyacetone (Dha) into dihydroxyacetone phosphate (Dha-P), a key species with potential applications in synthesis. Herein, we present a theoretical study of the molecular mechanism for the phosphoryl transfer reaction from an inorganic polyphosphate to Dha catalyzed by DHAK from C. freundii. This is part of a project devoted to modify the phosphoryl donor specificity of this enzyme avoiding the use of the problematic direct addition of ATP. Based on the use of hybrid QM/MM potentials, with the QM region described by semiempirical and DFT methods, the reaction mechanism of the wild-type enzyme and the most active experimentally measured mutant (Glu526Lys) with poly-P as phosphoryl donor has been explored to elucidate the origin of the activity of this mutant. The similar energy barriers obtained in both systems confirm our previous studies on the binding step (Sánchez-Moreno et al., Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 27835) suggesting that this mutation favors a more adequate position of the poly-P in the active site for the following step, the chemical reaction, to take place.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qua.25520
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/qua.25520
issn: 0020-7608
e-issn: 1097-461X
Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos
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